Towards a more climate-friendly energy system: gas flaring reduction
The Zero Gas Flaring Project
In the search of a sustainable energy system Eni believes that natural gas (NG) has a major role to play because of its comparatively lower CO2 emission factor, and is therefore actively involved in promoting its exploitation.
However, an expanded supply of NG must be tied with a gradual phasing-out of the NG flaring, a practice no longer consistent with the commitment to mitigating climate change but that still occurs (about 120 Bm3/y of NG are flared worldwide) when gas associated to oil production cannot find a productive use.
One important Zero Gas Flaring project is being carried out by Eni and its partners in Nigeria. A 450 MWe power generation plant is under construction at Kwale, in the Niger Delta: with its start-up, planned by early 2004, about 1.5 Bm3/year of associated gas will be subtracted to flaring and put to productive use, such as power generation and production of NGLs for export.The project will produce significant reduction in greenhouse gases, since gas flaring emits, in addition to CO2, methane which is not burned and N2O which is produced by incomplete combustion: with a conservative estimate, it is expected to reduce more than 4 Mt of CO2 equivalent yearly.
Furthermore, in a country where only 10% of rural households and approximately 40% of the total population have access to electricity, the project will help stabilize the power supply in the southern regions, create value and employment, encourage the development of economic activities and improve basic living conditions.
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