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The Global Compact and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the UN Office with the exclusive mandate to counter illicit drug trafficking, crime and terrorism worldwide. The work carried out by UNODC rests on three pillars – research, a strong legal framework and an operational response. Under the second pillar, UNODC is the custodian and promoter of three drug control conventions, five crime-related treaties – including the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) – and sixteen universal legal instruments against terrorism.

The UN General Assembly, through Resolution 58/4, has given UNODC the mandate to serve as the Secretariat of the Conference of the State Parties, the body designated by the treaty to promote the implementation of UNCAC. The Convention was adopted by the General Assembly in October 2003 and entered into force on 14 December 2005. UNCAC is the first legally binding, global anti-corruption instrument which provides a unique opportunity to prevent and fight corruption in both public and private sectors. It contains comprehensive measures to prevent and criminalize corruption and to foster international cooperation among states.

While mandated to facilitate the intergovernmental process related to the Convention, UNODC has launched a number of parallel efforts motivated by the recognition that fighting corruption is a shared, society-wide responsibility. To this purpose, UNODC is fostering a broad dialogue in the framework of the Conference of the State Parties, representing a wide range of stakeholders, including the private sector.

The Global Compact’s 10th principle on anti-corruption was adopted during the first Global Compact Leaders Summit in June 2004. It was decided that the Convention would serve as its underlying legal instrument and that UNODC should be its guardian. For this purpose, UNODC has been working closely with the Global Compact Office in advancing the 10th principle. UNODC provides guidance and strategic direction to the Global Compact and its participants by highlighting the relevance of the Convention to business. In addition UNDOC has been supporting an ongoing effort to involve the private sector in the facilitation of the implementation of the Convention.

UNODC has further been co-hosting the Global Compact Working Group on the 10th principle since its inception in January 2005, assisting companies in strengthening their role related to the Convention. In addition, UNODC is involved in the development of tools for implementation of the 10th principle, the organization of various regional workshops and participates in various task-forces of the Working Group.

Contact:

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna International Centre
Vienna, Austria
www.unodc.org